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Tudor Heritage Black Bay Automatik Bronze 79250BM Leder
TOP
Tudor Heritage Black Bay Automatik Bronze 79250BM Leder
Php 202,591
Seller
Uhren2000 GmbH
311
DE
Breguet Marine 18k Yellow Gold  Automatic 26mm Ladies Diamond...
TOP
Breguet Marine 18k Yellow Gold Automatic 26mm Ladies Diamond...
Php 713,108
Seller
WT Time Pieces
36
UK
Ateliers deMonaco Tourbillon Oculus 1297 Titane
Straight from the manufacturer
Ateliers deMonaco Tourbillon Oculus 1297 Titane
Php 3,657,892
BrandBoutique Member
Les Ateliers deMonaco SARL
Richard Mille Felipe Massa Flyback Chronograph RM 011-03
TOP
Richard Mille Felipe Massa Flyback Chronograph RM 011-03
Php 10,369,055
Seller
H&Y Jewellery
22
UK
JeanRichard Paramount Pack 3 watches
TOP
JeanRichard Paramount Pack 3 watches
Php 1,172,401
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
102
ES
Rolex Datejust Rose Gold MOP Diamonds
TOP
Rolex Datejust Rose Gold MOP Diamonds
Php 743,116
Seller
Harley's Time LLC
63
US
Rolex Explorer II cream
TOP
Rolex Explorer II cream
Php 531,488
Seller
chrono v8 ltd
 
UK
Rolex DAYTONA  COSMOGRAPH  116508 Green Dial 40mm Yellow Gold...
TOP
Rolex DAYTONA COSMOGRAPH 116508 Green Dial 40mm Yellow Gold...
Php 1,656,931
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2552
IT
Vacheron Constantin ASYMMETRICAL 1972 PRESTIGE DE LA FRANCE  #...
TOP
Vacheron Constantin ASYMMETRICAL 1972 PRESTIGE DE LA FRANCE #...
Php 1,994,049
Free shipping
Seller
Ye Olde Timekeepers, Inc.
11
US
Breguet Hora Mundi 5727
TOP
Breguet Hora Mundi 5727
Php 2,857,532
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
382
UK
Franck Muller Master Calendar -Gold 18k/750lLeder 2852...
TOP
Franck Muller Master Calendar -Gold 18k/750lLeder 2852...
Php 453,328
Seller
Dreamwatch Uhrenhandel
169
DE
Ateliers deMonaco Ronde de Monte-Carlo La Sirène Diamant
Straight from the manufacturer
Ateliers deMonaco Ronde de Monte-Carlo La Sirène Diamant
Php 5,921,408
BrandBoutique Member
Les Ateliers deMonaco SARL
Rolex Day-Date Everose 118205
TOP
Rolex Day-Date Everose 118205
Php 1,241,182
Seller
Filipucci Juweliers
391
NL
Oris BIG CROWN 1917 LIMITED EDITION 1328 of 1917
Oris BIG CROWN 1917 LIMITED EDITION 1328 of 1917
Php 87,738
Seller
Private Seller
PH
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine 8006-102-3A/926
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine 8006-102-3A/926
Php 1,010,265
Free shipping
Seller
Iceberg Jewelers
138
US
Rolex 4919 serpico y laino bubble back
TOP
Rolex 4919 serpico y laino bubble back
Php 275,123
Seller
chrono v8 ltd
 
UK
Bulgari Carbon Gold Oro Rosa Via Dei Condotti 10 Roma 102248
TOP
Bulgari Carbon Gold Oro Rosa Via Dei Condotti 10 Roma 102248
Php 118,741
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2552
IT
Hamilton Pan Europ
TOP
Hamilton Pan Europ
Php 50,299
Seller
WatchNation Limited
54
UK
Jaeger-LeCoultre Geophysic True Second Stainless Steel 39.6mm
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Geophysic True Second Stainless Steel 39.6mm
Php 438,947
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
382
UK
Stowa Partitio Klassik weiß Automatik
Stowa Partitio Klassik weiß Automatik
Php 36,391
Seller
STOWA Uhren
 
DE
Ateliers deMonaco Ronde de Monte-Carlo Homme
Straight from the manufacturer
Ateliers deMonaco Ronde de Monte-Carlo Homme
Php 1,138,011
BrandBoutique Member
Les Ateliers deMonaco SARL
Breitling Chronomat 44 Gold / Steel CB0110
TOP
Breitling Chronomat 44 Gold / Steel CB0110
Php 497,098
Seller
Filipucci Juweliers
391
NL
Rolex Datejust
Rolex Datejust
Php 275,123
Seller
ichrono.ie
 
IE
Chopard Mille Miglia GT XL Chronograph
Chopard Mille Miglia GT XL Chronograph
Php 181,331
Seller
Special Timepiece
 
CZ
Rolex Submariner 1680 red box and paper
TOP
Rolex Submariner 1680 red box and paper
Php 1,500,611
Seller
chrono v8 ltd
 
UK
Bulgari Octo Finissimo Microtor  Ultrapiatto 40mm
TOP
Bulgari Octo Finissimo Microtor Ultrapiatto 40mm
Php 555,187
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2552
IT
Alpina Alpiner
Alpina Alpiner
Php 70,456
Seller
Private Seller
PH
Sinn 103 St Sa RB Classic Watch Sondermodell
TOP
Sinn 103 St Sa RB Classic Watch Sondermodell
Php 153,194
Seller
Classic Watch
16
DE
Stowa Fliegeruhr Klassik Sport Baumuster B
Stowa Fliegeruhr Klassik Sport Baumuster B
Php 64,529
Seller
STOWA Uhren
 
DE
Ateliers deMonaco Poinçon de Genève Saphir
Straight from the manufacturer
Ateliers deMonaco Poinçon de Genève Saphir
Php 1,525,685
BrandBoutique Member
Les Ateliers deMonaco SARL
Rolex Datejust
Rolex Datejust
Php 187,584
Seller
Watchplus
 
NL
Rolex Datejust
Rolex Datejust
Php 525,236
Seller
ichrono.ie
 
IE
Davosa Ternos Ceramic Green
Davosa Ternos Ceramic Green
Php 46,771
Seller
Toptime, s.r.o.
22
SK
Rolex Submariner Date
Rolex Submariner Date
Php 575,258
Seller
Chronorelojes, S.L.
9
ES
Bulgari Carbon Gold Automatic 40mm Blue Dial T  102634
TOP
Bulgari Carbon Gold Automatic 40mm Blue Dial T 102634
Php 118,741
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2552
IT
Rolex 1675
TOP
Rolex 1675
Php 1,063,493
Seller
Private Seller
PH
Rolex Vintage Rolex GMT Ref. 6542 Serpico Y Laino.  Very rare.
Rolex Vintage Rolex GMT Ref. 6542 Serpico Y Laino. Very rare.
Php 3,689,156
Seller
Firma Boris Pjanic
 
DE
Stowa Fliegeruhr TESTAF TO1
Stowa Fliegeruhr TESTAF TO1
Php 74,533
Seller
STOWA Uhren
 
DE
Ateliers deMonaco Tourbillon Oculus 1298
Straight from the manufacturer
Ateliers deMonaco Tourbillon Oculus 1298
Php 4,370,711
BrandBoutique Member
Les Ateliers deMonaco SARL
Rolex Submariner Date 168000 only built for 9 month
Rolex Submariner Date 168000 only built for 9 month
Php 346,968
Seller
LUWATRA
 
DE
Rolex Yacht-Master midesize
Rolex Yacht-Master midesize
Php 265,744
Seller
ichrono.ie
 
IE
Rolex GMT-Master
Rolex GMT-Master
Php 750,337
Seller
Watchplus
 
NL
Rolex Daytona
Rolex Daytona
Php 575,258
Seller
Chronorelojes, S.L.
9
ES
Breitling Old Navitimer 41 Chronograph Chronometer
Breitling Old Navitimer 41 Chronograph Chronometer
Php 187,272
Seller
Westend-Juwelier
 
DE
Rolex Sea-Dweller
TOP
Rolex Sea-Dweller
Php 1,223,017
Seller
Private Seller
PH
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Perpetual Calendar
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Perpetual Calendar
Php 2,369,813
Seller
Firma Boris Pjanic
 
DE
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5711A Blue Dial
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5711A Blue Dial
Php 2,782,156
Seller
Pristine Watches London
 
UK
Ateliers deMonaco Poinçon de Genève Classique
Straight from the manufacturer
Ateliers deMonaco Poinçon de Genève Classique
Php 1,306,836
BrandBoutique Member
Les Ateliers deMonaco SARL
Rolex Submariner Date 116610LN
Rolex Submariner Date 116610LN
Php 445,916
Seller
Louis Meyer Watches Ltd
 
UK
Rolex Turn o graph
Rolex Turn o graph
Php 431,444
Seller
ichrono.ie
 
IE
Corum Admiral's Cup AC-One
TOP
Corum Admiral's Cup AC-One
Php 406,432
Seller
Kaloudis & Sons
23
GR
Rolex Submariner (No Date)
Rolex Submariner (No Date)
Php 387,674
Seller
Chronorelojes, S.L.
9
ES
Breitling Colt Automatic Chronometer A17380
Breitling Colt Automatic Chronometer A17380
Php 105,610
Seller
Westend-Juwelier
 
DE
TAG Heuer Carrera Cal 16  CV2A11  EKF6142 Day Date Chronograph...
TAG Heuer Carrera Cal 16 CV2A11 EKF6142 Day Date Chronograph...
Php 120,000
Seller
Private Seller
PH
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Terminator T3 , Fullset
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Terminator T3 , Fullset
Php 1,875,779
Seller
Firma Boris Pjanic
 
DE
Fortis B42 Stratoliner Chronograph –  665.10.11 M – NEU/Ungetr...
Fortis B42 Stratoliner Chronograph – 665.10.11 M – NEU/Ungetr...
Php 124,431
Free shipping
Seller
Watch Agent
21
AT
Ateliers deMonaco Ronde de Monte-Carlo Femme
Straight from the manufacturer
Ateliers deMonaco Ronde de Monte-Carlo Femme
Php 1,500,673
BrandBoutique Member
Les Ateliers deMonaco SARL
Breitling Navitimer 50th Anniversary
Breitling Navitimer 50th Anniversary
Php 260,415
Seller
Louis Meyer Watches Ltd
 
UK
Omega Constellation
Omega Constellation
Php 121,930
Seller
ichrono.ie
 
IE
Cartier Roadster XL Chronograph Stainless Steel Automatic...
Cartier Roadster XL Chronograph Stainless Steel Automatic...
Php 332,587
Seller
UP Hoofddorp
21
NL
Rolex Milgauss Blue
Rolex Milgauss Blue
Php 387,674
Seller
Chronorelojes, S.L.
9
ES
IWC Fliegerchrono
IWC Fliegerchrono
Php 196,963
Free shipping
Seller
A. Grimmeissen Uhren An- und Verkauf
153
DE
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Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.
Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.
Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.
In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.
In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.
However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.
If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.
The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.
There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.
Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.
Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.
Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.
The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.
Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.

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